Map cutout from "In the Spirit of Crazy Horse" by Peter Matthiessen

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Wounded Knee 1973

On February 27, 1973, members of the American Indian Movement, or AIM, together with a number of local and traditional Native Americans began their seventy-two day occupation of Wounded Knee. Their goal was to protest injustices against their tribes, violations of the many treaties, and current abuses and repression against their people. The United States government responded with a military style assault against the protesters. In the end, various officials promised hearings on local conditions and treaty violations. These hearings were never convened. [Peltier Statement of Fact]


With This May 1973 Memo the FBI Launches Its War Against the American Indian Movement

South Dakota State Police on Pine Ridge

Prior to takeover at Wounded Knee



April 1975 FBI Memo / Position Paper: "The Use of Special Agents of the FBI in a Paramilitary Law Enforcement Operation in the Indian Country"




The Case of Leonard Peltier
FOIA Documents Section


Photos and captions above are reprinted here from chapter three, "State of Siege," from Blood of the Land: The Government and Corporate War Against First Nations by Rex Weyler [With author's generous permission]

Other Online Reading Materials Related to Wounded Knee:

The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBI's Secret Wars Against Domestic Dissent by Ward Churchill, James Vander Wall

Complete Book Online: Via Paul Wolf's Web Site

Chapter 7 [COINTELPRO] American Indian Movement (AIM):
In depth discussion of Wounded Knee

Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars against the Black Panther Party
and the American Indian Movement by Ward Churchill and James Vander Wall

Chapter 9 [Agents] "The Oglala Firefight" from Part III: The FBI on Pine Ridge, 1972-76

Additonal Online Reading: Full Book & Book Excerpts in the "Reading Room"